This three part post is based on original theoretical research presented in my book, Unraveling the Universe’s Mysteries, 2012, Louis A. Del Monte (available at Amazon http://amzn.to/Zo1TGn)

After consideration, I suggest understanding the nature of time requires we investigate the kinetic energy associated with moving in four dimensions. The kinetic energy refers to an object’s energy due to its movement. For example, you may be able to bounce a rubber ball softly against a window without breaking it. However, if you throw the ball at the window, it may break the glass. When thrown hard at the wall, the ball has more kinetic energy due to its higher velocity. The velocity described in this example relates to the ball’s movement in three-dimensional space (X_{1}, X_{2}, and X_{3}). Even when the ball is at rest in three-dimensional space, it is it still moving in the fourth dimension, X_{4}. This leads to an interesting question. If it is moving in the fourth dimension, X_{4}, what is the kinetic energy associated with that movement?

To calculate the kinetic energy associated with movement in the fourth dimension we will use a vector space called Minkowski space. In addition, we will also use relativistic mechanics, from Einstein’s special theory of relativity and the mathematical discipline of calculus. In Minkowski space, the X_{4} coordinate is equal to *ict*, where *i* = square root of minus one, *t* is time as measure with clocks and *c* is the speed of light in a vacuum.

If we use the above methodology, which is derived in Unraveling the Universe’s Mysteries, 2012, appendix 1, the resulting equation is *KE _{X4} = -.3mc^{2}*.

Where *KE _{X4}*is the energy associated with an object’s movement in time,

*m*is rest mass of an object, and

*c*is the speed of light in a vacuum.

For purposes of reference, I have termed this equation, *KE _{X}*

_{4}*= -.3mc*the “Existence Equation Conjecture.” Please understand I have labeled the equation a conjecture, which in scientific terms means it is an opinion, specifically my opinion. Next, we will examine the features and implications of the equation.

^{2},Although, this equation is dimensionally correct (expressible in units of energy), which is a crucial test in physics, the equation is highly unusual from two standpoints. First, the kinetic energy is negative. The kinetic energy is always a positive value for real masses moving in three-dimensional space. However, as discussed previously, it can be negative for virtual particles. Second, the amount of negative kinetic energy suggested by the equation is enormous, approximately equal to a nuclear bomb, but negative in value.

To further our understanding of the nature of time, we will need to understand time dilation. The theory of time dilation has been around for about a century. It results from Einstein’s special theory of relativity (circa 1905), and his general theory of relativity (circa 1916). What is time dilation? It is the difference of elapsed time between two events as measured by different observers, when the observers are moving relative to each other or the events. Time dilation also occurs when the observers are in stronger or weaker gravitational fields, relative to each other.

Here are two examples to illustrate time dilation.

1) Picture yourself in a spaceship moving away from another observer who is at rest. When you look at your clock, it appears to be running normally. When the observer at rest looks at your clock, it appears to be running slower than his clock at rest. If the speed of your spaceship approaches the speed of light, the difference between the clocks is significantly exaggerated. The clock on the spaceship, from the viewpoint of the observer at rest, appears to have almost stopped.

2) Let’s explore gravitational time dilation. When Einstein developed his general theory of relativity (circa 1916), he developed the theory of gravitational time dilation. Picture yourself in a spaceship near the sun, and another observer on a spaceship near the earth. To simplify things, assume you are both at rest relative to each other, and that each of you has a telescope capable of seeing the clock on the other’s spaceship. The clock on the spaceship nearer the sun (in a much greater gravitational field) will move slower than the clock on the spaceship near the earth (in a lesser gravitational field). The observer near the sun sees his clock moving normally, but sees the observer’s clock near the earth moving faster. The observer near the earth sees his clock moving normally, but sees the clock on the spaceship near the sun moving slowly.

Sounds like science fiction, but it is not. Time dilation is an experimentally verified fact. We are dealing with science fact, not science fiction. It is independent of the technical aspects of clocks, and not related to the speed of the signals, which is typically the speed of light. Science believes it is a fundamental of reality.

**Stay tuned for part 2. **

I am ever challenged by your posts!! You are doing a GREAT job of taking complicated theories, and making them understandable for those of us not highly skilled in quantum mechanics 🙂 Keep on my friend! Be Blessed!

Thank you Chris.

My dera “friend”…WHAT IS TIME??? If it is malable according to speed and/or gravity…what the hell is it???

Great question. There is no widely accepted scientific definition of time. I am trying to provide a scientific understanding of time, along with my own theoretical research (the existence equation conjecture). I have a new book coming out shortly, How to Time Travel. In it, I discuss both the philosophy and science of time. I have also shared some of this information from the book on previous blog posts, which you may want to take a look at.

It looked like time is being measured against speed. In witch case the faster you go the slower time is. But this is not time travel.. I have a question? The human cell has a lifespan if you cut one in half and put it on the sun and leave the other half on earth won’t thay dye at the same time? Radio active material decay at a constant rate no matter how far apart thay are.

I might not be agreeing with the mainstream theory but time as we Know it is the wrong variable..

The faster something goes the less time passes. And when you get time to 0 this only means your going fast relative to the measure of time. Not that you have slowed down a biological entity nor have you passed it to another dimension.

Actually Ken, time dilation is real. If you were to board a spacecraft and travel away from the Earth at a speed near the speed of light and then return a year latter as measured on the clock on the spacecraft (still traveling at near the speed of light), you will have aged one year. Everyone else on Earth may have aged decades, depending how fast your spacecraft is. The phenomenon is time dilation. Time also dilates in a strong gravitational field, so ruling out the harmful effects of the Sun, the half cell at the sun will age slower that the half cell on Earth. This has been proven scientifically on Earth using atomic clocks. This means your feet are younger than your head, but the difference in this case is extremely small.

The main point is that time dilation is not an optical illusion, but a real phenomena of physics. I have a new book coming out in about two weeks titled “How to Time Travel.” It explains the real and fascinating science behind time travel. I will announce it as soon as it is available on Amazon.

How can we say this – “Even when the ball is at rest in three-dimensional space, it is it still moving in the fourth dimension”

Lucy Dipierro You’re so awesome! I don’t susppoe I’ve read through something like this before. So good to find somebody with original thoughts on this subject. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This web site is something that’s needed on the internet